PART 1. Exploring the Eight Organ System.
Navigate the websites linked in every organ system. You are required to choose and answer three objectives of each organ system.
The due dates of submission are as follows:
Digestive and Circulatory System – Week 4
Immune, Respiratory and Excretory System – Week 5
Skeletal and Muscular System – Week 6
Nervous System – Week 7
The Digestive System
1. List the parts of the digestive system and give their functions.
2. Compare mechanical digestion to chemical digestion.
3. Explain the function of the digestive enzymes amylase, protease and lipase.
4. Explain the results of the chemical digestion of carbohydrates, proteins and fats and discuss if this digestion occurs in the mouth, stomach and/or small intestines.
5. Discuss the importance of the liver and pancreas in digestion. List the substances they produce and explain their function.
6. Describe the structure of the villi and explain how its function is related to its structure.
This website discusses the human digestive system and how it works. Specifically, this page deals with the following: importance of digestion, how food is digested, how is the digestive process controlled.
This site talks about the specific structure and function of the Digestive system.
This is a youtube video that shows process of digestion from the mouth to the intestine.
The Circulatory System
1. List the functions of the human circulatory system.
2. Trace a drop of blood through the heart from right atrium to the aorta.
3. Locate and label the parts of a heart on a diagram.
4. Compare the blood on the right side of the heart with that on the left side.
5. Describe the components of blood.(red blood cells, white b.c., platelets and plasma)
6. Identify and describe the function of the different types of circulation: pulmonary and systemic circuits.
7. Explain how blood is produced in the body. Describe the role of the spleen and marrow.
8. Discuss diseases of the heart (hypertension and atherosclerosis)
This is a youtube video showing the detailed structure and function of the heart.
This site is about the anatomy of the human circulatory system. You can also use the link to check the discussion on blood.
The Immune System
1. Describe the function of the immune system.
2. Explain how the skin functions as a defense against disease.
3. Distinguish between a specific and nonspecific response.
4. Describe the actions of B cells and T cells in an immune response.
5. Describe the relationship between vaccination and immunity.
6. Describe what happens in an allergic response.
7. Describe at least one immune disorders.
This is a site on the Immune System
1. Identify the structure and function of the parts of the respiratory system.
2. Explain the function of the ribs and diaphragm in the breathing process.
3. Explain how breathing rate is controlled.
4. Describe what happens between the alveoli and the capillaries.
5. Describe an example of lung disease.
This is a site on human respiratory system that discusses about breathing, control of breathing and diseases of the lungs.
The Excretory System
1. Define excretion.
2. Describe the function of the skin, kidneys, lungs and liver in the excretory process.
3. Describe the structure and function of the kidney and its parts.
4. Explain how the nephron functions.
5. Explain the difference between filtration and reabsorption.
This site deals with the human urinary system. Click lesson 1 and you will be navigated to the kidney while lesson 2 on the other parts of the human urinary system.
A link on the youtube video of the Nephron
The functions of the organs associated with excretion
1. Compare the structure and function of three types of muscles and give examples of where these muscles would be found in the body.
2. Explain the mechanism of muscle contractions.
3. Describe one example of muscle disease.
A link on the type of muscle, muscle contraction and diseases associated with it.
1. Identify twenty major bones in the body.
2. State the functions of the skeletal system.
3. Describe the composition of bone.
4. Explain the differences in structure and function between the 4 major kinds of moveable joints: ball and socket, hinge, pivot, gliding
5. Discuss some injuries or disorders of the skeletal system.
This is a link on the structures and functions of the bone.
This is a website on the different types of joints.
Skeletal System Disorders
1. Describe the basic structure and function of the nervous system.
2. Describe the structure of a neuron and explain how it operates. (Diagram)
3. List the parts and discuss the function of the Central Nervous System (CNS). Discuss the structure and control centers of the brain.
4. Describe the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS), including the Autonomic branch (involuntary) and the Somatic branch (voluntary). In your discussion of the Autonomic system, distinguish between the Sympathetic branch and the Parasympathetic branch.
5. Explain how a nerve impulse travels
6. Explain what occurs during the reflex arc.
This links to the Organization of the Nervous System focusing on the Sensory-Somatic Nervous System and the Autonomous Nervous Systemrespiratory system
This site deals on the Human Central Nervous System focusing on the Brain and the Spinal Cord.
PART II. Travel Brochure, Quiz and Presentation
Activity A. Creating Travel Brochure of the Body Systems
The Hypothalamus AD Agency is looking for a team of travel consultants to design a luxurious tour through the eight organ systems of the human body namely: Digestive, Circulatory, Immune, Respiratory, Excretory, Skeletal, Muscular and Nervous. In order for your team to get the contract, you must highlight the following: trendy spots, the exciting activities, and the imports and exports of the areas. You must mention also any possible danger or precautions that tourists might encounter in visiting these systems.
The requirements in making the travel brochure are as follows:
1. Vocabulary to be included for each organ system.
digestion, salivary glands, epiglottis, esophagus, stomach, pyloric sphincter valve, duodenum, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, small intestines, mesentery, villi, large intestines, rectum, mucous, feces, alimentary canal, peristalsis, amylase, hydrochloric acid, pepsin, lipase, bile, E. coli, essential amino acids, neutral pH, acidic pH
aorta, artery, arteriole, capillary, venule, vein, vena cava, atrium, valve, ventricle, circulatory system, pulmonary circulation, systemic circulation, coronary circulation, red blood cells, hemoglobin, Rh factor, white blood cells, platelets, plasma, diastole, systole, sphygmomanometer, pacemaker, blood transfusion, lymph, deoxygenated blood, pacemaker
Immunology, antigen, antibody, lymphocyte, leukocyte, thymus gland, bone marrow, B-cell, T-cell, macrophage, vaccine, antibiotic, inflammatory response, immune response, antihistamine, autoimmune disease, fever, helper T cell, pathogen, killer T cells, interferon
alveoli, gas exchange, epiglottis, trachea, bronchi, bronchiole, larynx, lung, anaerobic respiration, oxygen debt, pharynx, respiration, trachea, vital capacity, inhalation, exhalation, pleural membrane, cilia, CPR, respiratory control center, diaphragm
excretion, kidney, nephron, Bowman's capsule, glomerulus, filtration, reabsorption, ureter, urethra, urine, bladder, aorta, renal artery, renal vein, adrenal glands, metabolic wastes, sweat glands, active transport
osteology, endoskeleton, appendicular skeleton, axial skeleton, ligaments, tendons, periosteum, Haversian canals, marrow, ossification, joints, arthritis, synovial fluid, fontanels, cartilage, bursa
belly, muscle fiber, myofibril, actin, myosin, skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, tendon, ligament, fatigue, myology, acetylcholine, cholinesterase
Central Nervous System, Peripheral Nervous System, Autonomic N.S., Sympathetic N.S., Parasympathetic N.S., ganglia, neuron, dendrite, cell body, axon, mixed nerve, sensory nerve, motor nerve, resting potential, action potential, nerve impulse, sodium-potassium pump, synapse, neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, stimulus, response, reflex, brain, cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla oblongata, spinal cord, meninges.
2. Follow the given link below as a guide in making the travel brochure.
How to make a travel brochure
Activity B. Travel Brochure Presentation
Your group will present the travel brochure using the PowerPoint to the class of no longer than 15 minutes. There is no specific number of slides and it must contain information mentioned in your travel brochure.
If you are still not familiar of making a PowerPoint presentation, just click the link below.
PowerPoint Presentations for Beginners
Activity C. Organ System Quiz
Once you have completed your travel brochure and PowerPoint, create a quiz of 5 questions (multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank, matching, short answer) to accompany the PowerPoint. All of the quizzes from each group will be combined to make a test for the whole class to be taken once all presentations have been given.
a. Only create questions from the types listed above. Do not make true or false questions.
b. You must provide the correct right answer for each question. (This means you must give me the answer and it must indeed be the right answer)
c. If you choose multiple choice questions, only one answer choice should be obviously wrong.
d. Use Microsoft Word for your quiz. The answer key should be in the same document at the bottom of the page.
Activity D. Travel Brochure PowerPresentation
In presenting your PowerPoint to the class, check the rubric for your guidance and be sure to practice. Remember that all members must present the PowerPoint in order to receive credit.